Landscape Photography: The ‘Golden Hour’

By Geoff Harris

Getting Up Early, Staying Out Late: Why Landscape Photographers Work Such Odd Hours

Forget spirit levels or waterproof camera covers. The most useful extra piece of kit that a landscape photographer can own is a reliable alarm clock. To catch the golden hour you will need an  insistent one that won’t take no for an answer.

Morning light on the dry-stone walls and barns near Askrigg in Wensleydale, Yorkshire Dales National Park, England,  The Golden Hour, landscape photographer, landscape photography, Light, sunrise, sunset, visible light, online photography course

A benefit of early morning or late afternoon light is that it rakes across the landscape revealing shapes and textures more readily.

You see landscape photographers more often than not have to be up before the larks. Leave home before the milkman has rubbed the sleep from his eyes. Both rise and shine. In other words be up and about very, very early.

Why do landscape photographers put themselves through this? Why not ignore the alarm clock, curl up to go back to sleep? They’re very good questions. The answer to both is that it’s all about light, or, more specifically, the aesthetic quality of sunlight first thing in the morning (not to mention later in the afternoon too).

Periclase and Magnesian Limestone sea stack in Marsden Bay near South Shields and Whitburn, South Tyneside, England,  The Golden Hour, landscape photographer, landscape photography, Light, sunrise, sunset, visible light, online photography course

Sunlight is at its warmest in colour when the sun is near the horizon. The intensity of the colour in sky depends largely on the amount and position of cloud cover.

Visible white light is actually a spectrum of colours mixed together. The various colours in the spectrum all have different wavelengths. The longer wavelengths we perceive as reds, oranges and yellows. The shorter wavelengths correspond to blues, indigos and violets.

At noon on a cloudless day the light from the sun is generally neutral in colour. This is because all of the wavelengths of visible light are seen in roughly equal proportion. However, the shorter, bluer wavelengths of sunlight are more easily scattered by particles in the earth’s atmosphere than the red. When the sun is close to the horizon its light reaches us through a thicker slice of atmosphere than at midday. This scatters the shorter wavelengths more than the longer ones shifting the colour of sunlight to yellow, orange and then, when the sun is on the horizon, finally to red.

Photographers have a term for this phenomenon. The ‘Golden Hour’, when the sun’s light is at its warmest in colour, is roughly one hour after sunrise or one hour before sunset. The term is slightly misleading unfortunately as the duration of the ‘Golden Hour’ depends on the time of year and the latitude. At the equator, or during local summer months elsewhere, the ‘Golden Hour’ can be frustratingly brief. During local winter, the ‘Golden Hour’ lasts longer because the sun doesn’t rise as high in the sky during the day (unless you’re in either the Arctic or Antarctic Circles when the sun doesn’t rise at all midwinter).

Children walking to school along the beach, Jambiani, Zanzibar,  The Golden Hour, landscape photographer, landscape photography, Light, sunrise, sunset, visible light, online photography course

Near the equator you have to be quick to catch the warmest during the brief ‘Golden Hour’.

Now this wouldn’t matter photographically if it weren’t for the fact that humans are hardwired to find warm light attractive. Candlelight is a very warm, if dim, light. It didn’t take long after the invention of gas and then electric lighting for candles to be abandoned as everyday illumination. However, candlelight is regarded by most as romantic and appealing and is still used for special occasions today, even if it is hard to read by. One of the criticisms of domestic LED lighting is that it’s slightly cooler (in terms of colour) than older types of domestic lighting. It’s only now, with the development of warm white LED bulbs, that its use is becoming more widespread in the home.

I’m just glad that I don’t have to use candles anymore. Just the thought of struggling to see whether that genuinely is the time by candlelight makes me tired. Enough to pull the pillow over my head and ignore the sound of the alarm ringing until it’s much, much lighter.

For more information why not consider taking Sue Bishop’s 4 week online photography course on Fine Art Landscape Photography

Geoff Harris

I am a journalist and photographer and currently work as the Deputy Editor of Amateur Photographer (AP) the oldest weekly photographic magazine in the world. Before that I served as the editor of Digital Camera, Britain's best-selling photography magazine, for five years. During my time as editor it became the UK's top selling photo monthly and won Print Publication of the Year at the 2013 British Media Awards. As well as being lucky enough to get paid to write about photography, I've been fortunate to interview some of the greatest photographers in the world, including Elliott Erwitt, Don McCullin, Martin Parr, Terry O'Neill and Steve McCurry. This has been a wonderful learning experience and very influential on my photography. Beyond writing, I am a professional portrait, travel and documentary photographer, and reached the finals of the 2016 Pink Lady Food Photographer of the Year competition. I am a Licentiate of the Royal Photographic Society and hope to take my Associateship whenever I can find the time. In addition I write about well being/personal development and antiques collecting for a range of other titles, including BlueWings, the in-flight magazine of Finn Air.

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